G

galliambus - A metre of four iambic dipodies, the last of which is catalectic, that is to say it drops the final accent ( ( , ( , | ( , ( , | ( , ( , | ( , ( ). It can also be a line of two ionic catalectic feet, with anaclasis, which is an interchange of the second long syllable of the first foot with the first short syllable of the second foot, i.e. , ( ( | , , ,. ( See also dipody, dimeter, catalectic)

genre - A type of literary or artistic composition which can be compared with other pieces of a similar style. For example, science fiction is a literary genre.

georgic - Poem with a rural theme. (See also Arcadia, pastoral poetry)

ghazal - A fixed form poem of any length with the monorhyme structure - aa, ba, ca, da. (See also canzone, ode, fixed form, monorhyme)

gleeman - A troubadour or minstrel who often publicly recited poetry written by others. It is an Old English term. At the time when gleemen entertained, the writer of poetry and verse would be called a "scop". (See also troubadour, scop)

gnome - A short verse giving a statement of a perceived truth, an aphorism. (See also aphorism, allegory, epigram)

goliardic poetry - The name given to a satiric verse directed against the church in the Middle Ages.

gongorism - Named after Luís de Gongora y Argote who produced poetry which was thought by some to be excessively flowery and affected as well as confusing due to stilted obscurity.

gothic novel - Popular genre in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Often set in medieval castles, these novels specialise in the grotesque, the macabre. The genre was introduced by Henry Walpole in his Castle of Otranto, though Clarissa by Richardson was possibly a formative influence. From Matthew Lewis’s The Monk to Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the genre had a long run of popularity.

grave - (GRARV) An accent placed over an "e" in the ending "ed" , as in "èd" to indicate that the "e" is to be pronounced. As in pronounced (pro|NOUNST) or pronouncèd (pro|NOUN| sid).