T

tail rhyme - Also called a caudate rhyme. A short line following longer ones and rhyming with another caudate or tail rhyme. (See also tail rhyme)

tanka - Also called waka. A Japanese syllable-counting form consisting of five unrhymed lines of 5,7,5,7,7 syllables. The content seeks to encapsulate a moment in time. (See also haiku, senryu)

tautology - An unnecessary repetition of an idea in different words as in "the road meandered its serpentine way around the lake." (See also pleonasm)

telestich - See acrostic poem.

tenor – The meaning of a metaphor is called its tenor; this is carried by its host word, which is called the vehicle; thus there is a parasitic element in the metaphor, as, when I say, "He is a lion," lion is the vehicle and brave man is the tenor. (See metaphor)

tenson - A verse competition between troubadours.

tercet - Three lines of verse which are rhymed together or linked in rhyme to another tercet.

terza rima - A poem consisting of interlocking tercets in iambic pentameter, with an interlocking rhyming scheme of aba, bcb, cdc, ded, etc. It may finish with an isolated line rhyming with the centre line of the preceding tercet. (See also tercet, iambic pentameter)

tetrabrach - See proceleusmatic.

tetrameter - A line of poetry consisting of four metrical feet. (See also metre)

texture - The overall feeling of a poem which comes from its structure and sound. For example a poet will select words which sound harsh or metallic to create an industrial feeling to a poem. (See also content, diction, form, motif, persona, style, tone)

theme - The main idea around which a piece of work is structured. (See also burden, motif)

thesis - The short or unaccented part of a metrical foot ( ( ). The stressed part is called the arsis ( , ). (See also metre, arsis)

tmesis - (TMEE-sis) The dividing of a word and the insertion of another to give it more effect. As in "abso-bloody-lutely" (See also kenning, ricochet words)

tone - How the poet approaches the subject and the means by which it is conveyed. For example, ironic, solemn, loving, humorous, sarcastic. (See also content, diction, form, motif, persona, style, texture)

tragedy - Depicts a person’s downfall through conflict. It is also used to distinguish a type of medieval narrative poem with this theme.

tragic hero - See hamartia

tribrach - A metrical foot of three short syllables ( ( ( ( ). (See also metre)

trimeter - A line of three metrical feet. (See also metre)

triolet - A stanza or whole poem which is in eight lines. The first line is repeated as the fourth and seventh, and the second line is reproduced as the eighth: a*b*aa*aba*b* (*repeated lines).

triple rhyme - A rhyme in which the final three syllables in words or groups of words have the same sound. As in Saturday and latter day.

triplet - See tercet

trisyllable - A three-syllable word. (See also disyllable, monosyllable, polysyllable)

trochaic - The adjective from the word trochee. (See also trochee)

trochee - (TROE-kee) A metrical foot with a long syllable followed by a short syllable ( , ( ). (See metre, foot)

troilus verse - See rhyme royal.

trope - Intentional figurative use of a word or phrase. There are many trope forms and they form the basis of writing styles. (See also figures of speech, metaphor, imagery)

troubadour - In 11th century Southern France a poet and/or musician who wrote and sang of courtly love. (See also courtly love, improvisatore, jongleur, Meistersingers, Minnesingers, trouvere, minstrel, scop)

trouvere - 11th century Northern French poets who wrote chansons de geste and fabliaux. (See also courtly love, improvisatore, troubadour, jongleur, meistersingers, minnesingers, minstrel, scop)

true rhyme - See perfect rhyme.